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Message From James Madison PDF Print
Written by James F Mcnutty   
Thursday, 03 May 2012

Of all the enemies of true liderty, war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other. War is the parent of armies; from thses proceed debts and taxes; and armies, debts and taxes are the known instruments for bringing the many under the domination of the few. In war the discretionary power of the executive is extended; its influence in dealing out offices, honors and emoluments is multiplied; and all the means of seducing the minds,are added to those of subduing the force, of the people. The same malignant aspect in republicanism may be traced in the inequality of fortunes, and the opportunites of fraud, growing out of a state of war, and in the degeneracy of manner and morals, engendered in both. No nation can preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare – War is in fact the true nurse of executive aggrandizement. In war, a physical force is to be created; and it is the executive will which is to direct it. In war, the public treasuries are unlocked; and it is executive which is to dispense them. In war, the honors and emoluments of office are to be multiplied; and it is the executive patronage under which they are to be enjoyed; and it is the executive brow they are to encircle. The strongest passions and most dangerous weaknesses of the human breast; ambition, avarice, vanity, the honorable or venal love of fame, are all in conspiracy against the desire and duty of PEACE.

James Madison (chief author, constitution of United States of America)

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